Everyone wants to be called an engineer. Everyone wants to be earn big and be respected in the society.
don’t study just any Engineering course and end up in regrets.
While the aim is to study an engineering course that will guarantee you job employment and a lucrative wage,
you must also study a course that you can cope with, not one that will frustrate you during and after your school days.
What is Engineering? Who is an engineer?
An engineer is someone that uses scientific means in solving practical problems.
Engineering is simply the use of scientific principles in solving life problems and making things easier.
Note that before you can be called an engineer (Engr.) you must have been certified by the Council for the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria (COREN).
You need to spent some extra years after your First degree to get that.
That’s not our focus in this article.
Now, with the rate of technological development in the world in general. engineers now take over most jobs. everything is going digital.
The paper and pen exams are now going “computer based”. The banks are now computerized. From the introduction of ATM to the use of mobile banking.
Engineering is in large demands now.
But before you study Engineering, there are certain criteria you should pass.
Now, before you study Engineering in Nigeria, there are certain requirements you must have.
- Jamb subject combination
The four subjects required for jamb are Mathematics English. Physics and chemistry
in some cases, the chemistry can be replaced with other science courses like biology. only in a few cases
- Good in calculations
Please, if you don’t like calculations, avoid Engineering.
As you get further, you will face lot of calculations (integration and differentiation amongst others).
I don’t mean to cast you. these calculations are not too difficult but you must have sound knowledge before choosing to study Engineering, so as to avoid being frustrated and uninterested in the long run.
- Meet WAEC Requirements and be good in engineering subjects
The WAEC Requirements is simply to have at least a credit in mathematics,English, physics, chemistry and another science course.
Be Good In Engineering Subjects!
These Engineering Subjects include Further mathematics, technical drawing, and related-practical subjects.
Whether you going for civil/mechanical engineering or not, here’s something you must know! You will most likely offer at least a course(subject) that is about Engineering construction.
I know some of my friends who chose to study computer science, and they neglected technical drawing with the mindset that they won’t have anything to do with building construction.
But to their greatest surprise. They had to offer and pass a course on building construction.
Engineering is Vast! All engineers work together as a unit.
You need to have basic understanding of all Engineering courses in general.
For any reason, don’t fail to study further mathematics in secondary school, whether you like the teacher or not!
I know those further mathematics teachers can be pretty annoying.
(it’s what happens when maths hits you!)
- Have interest in the particular course you apply
I don’t need to overstress this.
Someone that don’t like mathematics shouldn’t be in engineering.
Someone that hates the topic “electricity” shouldn’t be studying electrical engineering.
You should love what you do.
in other words ,you should do what you love.
When the going gets tough. only passion keeps you moving!
Things to consider when choosing a particular Engineering course / discipline
So, you want to be an engineer, you want to solve problems. . .
But you’re confused. What type of Engineering should I go into?
I guess the question should be “What kind of Engineering will I Excel in?”
- 1. Passion
I always emphasize on passion. I know why! With our poor educational system, lack of passion comes with frustration.
But wait. The fact that you like electricity (NEPA) or better still, PHCN , doesn’t mean you should choose to study electrical engineering oh!
come on! everyone’s loves to see power in their households.
Do you have interest in fixing electrical appliances?
do you enjoy solving electrical calculations?
I’ll go deep into this as I proceed.
- 2. Job opportunity
naturally, what you’ll hear is “engineers can work anywhere”. While this may or may not be true, there are certain Engineering disciplines that can work in almost anywhere.
I actually know a Nigerian that works in a bank. Well, that’s Nigeria for you.
Now, before choosing am Engineering course to study, your priority should be on job opportunities.
One mistake is to consider job salary before considering job opportunity.
I mean, the priority is getting the job first.
Salary comes afterwards.
I’ll dive into this as I proceed!
Dive with me too
Things to AVOID when considering an engineering course.
- 1. ignore international prospects if you want to base in Nigeria
What do I mean?
If you want to base, you need to study Engineering courses that are hot-cake in the country.
The demand for polymer, biomedical or automobile engineering abroad might not be the same demand in Nigeria.
In most developed countries ,every Engineering course is important and value.
but sorry to say, in Nigeria, not all Engineering courses are easily marketable or lucrative.
So whenever you make research,make sure you are making a survey particularly in Nigeria.
- 2. Avoid considering salaries over opportunities
I know we all want that huge pay! but still, we shouldn’t place this as a priority.
With the rate of unemployment in Nigeria today,
What I mean is that it’s better to study a course that has a wide range of opportunities where you will be paid 200k monthly than to study a course with limited opportunities but the salary is 300k
Passion and job opportunities should come before money.
Just imagine going to work everyday to do something you do not like.. frustration! You’ll be a sad rich man. lol
The right / best Engineering courses to study in Nigeria and all about each of them
Now, this is the main reason for writing this article in the first place.
There’s no such thing as best Engineering course to study but what you should consider is the Engineering course that suits you best.
If you are confused about choosing a particular Engineering course to study in Nigeria, then after reading this article, you will be able to make a reasonable choice.
by now, you should know that not all Engineering courses are nice to study In Nigeria, this is because she is still a developing country with little industries/ infrastructures.
In the below subheading,I’ll be listing out all the top Engineering courses that you can study in Nigeria to gain employment.
I’ll also tell you all you need to know about the course.Note: this list is not arranged based on the best course, after reading through ,you can determine the best course for yourself
- Mechanical engineering
Note: The main reason why this tops the list is because of its wideness. it is one of the oldest branches of Engineering. They cover part of civil, electrical, agricultural, structural and materials Engineering.
It is a branch of Engineering that deals with the application of physics and mathematics to design machines and control them. mechanical engineering also involves production of heat and power, operation of tools and more.Salary: Highly lucrative (90% mark) Criteria: Apart from the basic requirements, you must be very good in maths, physics, technical drawing and mechanical related topics in physics Job opportunities: very wide (70% mark)
- Electrical / Electronic Engineering
This is the new wave!.
most mechanical systems are now converted to electrical / electronic systems.
In some schools, this course is divided into electrical engineering and electronic Engineering with the main difference being that, the ‘former’ focuses on high voltage while the ‘later’ focus on low voltage appliances.
electrical Engineering is the application of principles into electricity generation , transmission and distribution.
There’s this common lay man thinking that electrical engineers are NEPA workers
This is not entirely true,
Electrical engineers also work in telecommunication firms, construction and manufacturing firms across the country ,both private and government.Job opportunity: 85% very wide Salary: 75% lucrative criteria: you must be very good in mathematics and physics,and also chemistry (technical drawing isn’t too important) emphasis on “too”
- Civil Engineering
Civil Engineering is basically the oldest branch of Engineering.
It focus on construction and maintenance of structures.
by structures, I don’t only refer to buildings. infact . everything is a structure.
even you that is reading this article is a structure..
(calm down, civil engineers don’t construct humans)
civil engineers are involved in construction of roads, buildings, water system, drainage systems, bridges, airport, seaports , maintenance of structures and more.
Due to the fact that these constructions happen ‘not so frequently’, civil engineering is one of the most narrow course to study in Nigeria.
Don’t get me wrong,there are lots of opportunities but not compared to many others.
one remarkable things is that they have one of the largest pays.Job opportunity: Average (60%) Criteria: you need to be good in maths, physics, chemistry and also a bit of technical drawing though mechanical engineering focuses more on technical drawing. Salary: very lucrative (85%)
- Chemical Engineering
This branch involves the production of chemicals substances by use of scientific principles .
these chemicals range from paints to dyes to fertilizer and more. the list is endless.Job opportunity: (90%) very wide salary very lucrative (90%) criteria maths, chem, physics
- Computer Engineering
In today’s world that is becoming a computerized village. it will be totally wrong and unfair of me to exclude computer engineering from this list.
Note that this is different from electronic Engineering, slightly at least.
Computer Engineering focus more on software and hardware computer parts
Every company needs a computer, the only issue is that computer scientists compete with them for job employment as these two courses are identical.job opportunity (97%) very wide salary (70%) lucrative
- Petroleum engineering
Petrol petrol petrol!!!
Nigerians petrol are like 5 & 6.
I don’t know if petrol has done more bad than good in our economy.
Petroleum Engineering is application of scientific principles in provided easier means of obtaining oil and other mineral resources from underneath the soil using instruments.job opportunity: (35%) very slim
most of their opportunities are based in the oil sector Salary : (90%) very lucrative but might decrease in profitability criteria: physics mathematics chemistry
- Agricultural Engineering
I must say this is the most underrated Branch of Engineering here in Nigeria. probably because of our over reliance in oil.
Agricultural Engineering cuts across Agriculture and Engineering.
it is the branch of Engineering that involves constructing equipment to make farmworks easier, it also helps in construction of dams, structures, reservoirs, water systems, drainage systems, soil and water Engineering and others.
They sometimes works together with civil engineers.job opportunity: 65% high salary: (55%) averageother Engineering courses include Marine, materials and metallurgy and more. . .
Note that there are still other Engineering courses you can study in Nigeria.
This list is just based on my personal research.
Universities where you can study Engineering in Nigeria include
There are more, buy these are the top 20 on our list.
Note that this list is not arranged by any format or criteria. (maybe only by popularity)
- University of Ibadan
- Covenant University.
- Obafemi Awolowo University(OAU).
- University of Nigeria. (UNN)
- University of Lagos. (unilag)
- Ahmadu Bello University.(ABU)
- Federal University of Technology Minna(futminna)
- University of Ilorin(unilorin)
- Federal University of Technology akure
- University of Benin(uniben)
- University of Port Harcourt(uniport)
- University of Agriculture Abeokuta
- Federal University of Technology owerri(futo)
- Bayero University Kano(buk)
- Lagos State University(LASU)
- University of Uyo
- University of Calabar(Unical)
- Nnamdi Azikiwe University (Unizik)
- University of Jos(unijos)
Note that this list is not arranged by any format or criteria.
This article should be enough in leading you through the right part.
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